He is one of the best gastroenterology doctors I have ever visited. Took my uncle for stomach pain, the doctor did endoscopy & colonoscopy, diagnosed the problem as large intestine cancer, the doctor asked a...
The doctor is extremely professional and polite. He explains the problem patiently and does not prescribe unnecessary medication. He gives priority to the patient's well-being over everything. I Will definitely recommend him
I have referred/recommended a couple of my relatives and friends to this Dr (Dr. Srujan Kumar Dasyam). I say that the diagnosis and treatment are good and also Dr listens patiently in understanding the patient's...
Apoorva Reddy Panyala
Table Of Contents
- What is Gall Bladder Cancer?
- What Causes Gall Bladder Cancer?
- What are the Symptoms of Gall Bladder Cancer?
- How is Gall Bladder Cancer Diagnosed?
- What is the Treatment for Gall Bladder Cancer?
What is Gall Bladder Cancer?
When cancer cells start growing in the gall bladder, it is termed gall bladder cancer. The gallbladder is a tiny, pear-shaped organ located underneath the liver on the right side of the belly. It stores bile fluid which is generated by the liver.
Because gallbladder cancer generally has no symptoms, it may not be identified until advanced. Furthermore, the gallbladder’s relatively concealed location makes it simpler for gallbladder cancer to spread undetected.
What Causes Gall Bladder Cancer?
The aetiology of most gall bladder cancers is not known yet.
Gall bladder cancer develops when the DNA of healthy gall bladder cells undergoes mutations. With time, the cancer cells can grow to invade and destroy normal tissue nearby. They can also travel to other body parts to form deposits there (metastasis).
Some factors can increase the risk of gall bladder cancer:
- Sex: Women are more likely to have gallbladder cancer.
- Age: The chances of developing gallbladder cancer grow.
- Previous history: People who have gallstones or have had gallstones in the past are more likely to develop gallbladder cancer. Bigger gallstones may pose a greater risk.
- Other gallbladder disorders and illnesses: Polyps, persistent inflammation, and infection are other gallbladder diseases that might raise the risk of gallbladder cancer.
- Inflammation of bile duct
What are the Symptoms of Gall Bladder Cancer?
Symptoms and signs of gallbladder cancer include:
- Abdominal discomfort, prominently in the upper right side of the abdomen
- Stomach bloating
- Unexplained weight loss
How is Gall Bladder Cancer Diagnosed?
Early detection of gall bladder cancer increases the chances of curing it. Gall bladder cancer is frequently detected via routine screenings since it generally has no symptoms in its early stages.
- Blood tests: Blood tests can help determine what’s causing the symptoms. Other illnesses and disorders can be ruled out by liver function tests and complete blood counts.
- Sigmoidoscopy: Sigmoidoscopy is a minimally invasive procedure that allows the doctor to look for abnormalities in the gall bladder.
- Colonoscopy: A colonoscopy is performed using a long tube and a tiny camera to examine the interior of the colon and rectum for any abnormalities.
- X-Ray with Barium solution ingestion.
- CT Scan to get a detailed image of the gall bladder.
What is the Treatment for Gall Bladder Cancer?
The treatment options include:
- Surgery: It is possible to remove malignant polyps by surgery in the early stages of gall bladder cancer. If the polyp hasn’t connected to the gut wall, the prognosis is likely to be good.
- Chemotherapy: During chemotherapy, medications are used to destroy cancer cells. Chemotherapy is routinely given following surgery for persons with gall bladder cancer to remove any remaining malignant cells. Chemotherapy also slows down tumour development.
- Radiation: Radiation treatment is frequently used in conjunction with chemotherapy to target and destroy malignant cells.