He is one of the best gastroenterology doctors I have ever visited. Took my uncle for stomach pain, the doctor did endoscopy & colonoscopy, diagnosed the problem as large intestine cancer, the doctor asked a...
The doctor is extremely professional and polite. He explains the problem patiently and does not prescribe unnecessary medication. He gives priority to the patient's well-being over everything. I Will definitely recommend him
I have referred/recommended a couple of my relatives and friends to this Dr (Dr. Srujan Kumar Dasyam). I say that the diagnosis and treatment are good and also Dr listens patiently in understanding the patient's...
Apoorva Reddy Panyala
Table Of Contents
- What are Peptic Ulcers?
- What Causes Peptic Ulcers?
- What are the Symptoms of Peptic Ulcer?
- How to Diagnose Peptic Ulcer?
- What are the Complications of Peptic Ulcer?
- What is the Treatment for Peptic Ulcer?
What are Peptic Ulcers?
Peptic ulcers are open sores that tend to develop on the inner lining of the stomach and the upper part of the small intestine. Depending on the location, these ulcers can be gastric, duodenal or oesophageal. It is a common condition and can cause severe abdominal discomfort.
What Causes Peptic Ulcers?
The digestive tract is covered by a mucous layer that provides protection against acid secreted by the stomach. A sore develops when the mucous falls short against the amount of acid secreted.
- Bacterial infection: H. pylori bacteria are normally found in the mucous layer that covers and protects the stomach and small intestine tissues. The H. pylori bacteria usually causes no issues, but it can create ulcers by inflammation of the inner layers of the stomach.
- Regular use of NSAIDs: Regular use of Aspirin and other over the counter pain reliever drugs such as ibuprofen can irritate and inflame the linings of the stomach.
- Consumption of alcohol regularly
- Excessive smoking
- Radiation therapy
- Stomach cancer
What are the Symptoms of Peptic Ulcer?
Characteristic symptom: Burning pain in the abdomen that extends from the navel to the chest.
Other symptoms include:
- Unexplained nausea
- Fatty food intolerance
- Vomiting blood (which can be red or black)
- Stools with dark blood that are black or tarry
- Trouble Breathing
- Feeling dizzy
- Vomiting or nausea
- Unprecedented weight reduction
- Appetite shifts
- Chest pain
How to Diagnose Peptic Ulcer?
The tests and procedures include:
- Breath test: H.Pylori is a bacteria that breaks down the contents of the stomach. So, before taking the test, the patient is asked to consume anything containing radioactive carbon. Then the patient blows into a bag that is subsequently sealed. The breath sample will include radioactive carbon in the form of carbon dioxide if there is an H. pylori infection.
- Endoscopy: A thin, flexible, lighted tube is inserted in the mouth to better understand the gastrointestinal tract.
- X-Ray with Barium swallow to coat the gastrointestinal tract and make the ulcer visible.
What are the Complications of Peptic Ulcer?
Untreated ulcers can worsen over time. It can lead to various complications such as:
- Internal bleeding: Gradual blood loss can lead to anemia. There can be severe blood loss, too, that can require hospitalization.
- Perforation in the stomach wall: Perforation in the stomach can create a risk of peritonitis.
- Scar tissue: Scar tissue is a thick tissue that develops after an injury, and it can make it difficult for food to pass through the digestive tract.
- Gastric cancer: H. Pylori infection can raise the risk of gastric cancer.
What is the Treatment for Peptic Ulcer?
- Steroids, to reduce inflammation
- Pain relievers: Aspirin and other pain-relieving medications can be taken to reduce pain.
The patient is also advised to avoid:
- Spicy food.