Best Obesity Clinic in Kokapet, Hyderabad
Obesity is one of the major lifestyle diseases affected to all people regardless of age, gender, ethnicity. Obesity could lead to other health issues such as heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, and cancer. Recent studies illustrate that almost 135 million people are affected by obesity in India and it is one of the major risk factors for developing cardiovascular disease (CVDs). Interestingly, the prevalence of obesity is more in people who reside in cities and have high socio-economic status. The Obesity Clinic at Koakapet, Hyderabad offers person-centered treatment for obesity, the expert team comprises of Dieticians, Endocrinologists, and Gastroenterologists.
What is Obesity?
Obesity is a complex disease characterized by abnormal or excessive accumulation of fat in the body that may impair health. People who have obesity are prone to develop heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, and cancer.
How obesity can be identified?
The ideal way to measure obesity is by calculating the Body mass index (BMI) of a person. BMI is defined as a person's weight in kilograms divided by the square of his height in meters (kg/m2). Increased BMI shows high body fatness. The BMI scale for adults given below,
What are the causes of Obesity?
The primary cause of obesity is the energy imbalance between calories consumed and calories expended. Overweightness is commonly caused by overeating and a sedentary lifestyle. For instance, if you consume high amounts of energy, particularly fat and sugars, but do not burn off the energy through exercise and physical activity, much of the surplus energy will be stored by the body as fat.
Factors that can lead to obesity are,
- Increased intake of energy-dense foods that are high in fat and sugars
- Decrease in physical activity due to the increasingly sedentary nature of work
- Environmental and societal changes associated with the development
- Lack of supportive policies in health, agriculture, environment, food processing, and education
- Diseases – Hypothyroidism, Chronic stress, Insomnia & Hypersomnia
- Eating Disorders
- Smoking cessation
Do Genetic reasons cause obesity?
Genetic predisposition is one of the reasons for obesity, it is a well-known and currently proven fact. Around 43% of the general population is susceptible to become obese due to genetic factors.
What are the diseases associated with obesity?
There are several ailments associated with overweightness, an obese person has more chance to develop other disease conditions such as,
- Cardiovascular diseases - Ischemic Heart Disease and Stroke
- Insulin Resistance & Diabetes Mellitus
- Obstructive Sleep Apnoea & Hypoventilation Syndrome
- Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease - NASH – CLD
- Gallbladder disorders
- PCOS & Infertility
- Musculoskeletal disorders - Osteoarthritis
- Cancers - Endometrium, Breast, Kidney, Liver, Prostate, Esophagus, Colon.
- Psychological disorders.
The risk for these diseases increases with an increase in BMI.
Is obesity curable?
Obesity is a progressive and relapsing chronic disease which can be either prevented or reduced by losing weight by following a healthy dietary pattern and regular regimen of exercise.
Why surgery for obesity?
Obesity is classified according to BMI. Morbid obesity is BMI >40. People with this level of obesity suffer numerous medical problems such as diabetes, sleep apnea, high blood pressure, joint disease, and high cholesterol.
While medical therapy and dietary modifications can improve weight-related problems, however, they have a high failure rate.
Surgical treatment has proven to be the best for long-term weight loss, which means the failure rate is extremely low.
Surgery for obesity also provides better control of blood sugar and blood pressure, brings blood cholesterol to normal limits, and improves exercise tolerance and sleep disorder.
Who is a candidate for weight-loss surgery?
- Candidates must have a BMI greater than 40 or greater than 40 or greater than 35 with medical Co-morbidities such as diabetes, hypertension, elevated cholesterol, degenerative joint disease, or sleep apnea.
- Age greater than 18 or less than 60 years old.
- Medically healthy enough to tolerate major surgery.
- Patients who have tried and failed with medical therapy and lifestyle modification
- No serious underlying psychiatric disorders, substance abuse, or narcotic dependency.
- Complex medical conditions and limited mobility increase the risk of surgery and are considered on a patient-by-patient basis.